Preserved in the archives information on the supply of pearls in Europe. One of the “miners” was Christopher Columbus, who had traded it intact bags from the inhabitants of Venezuela. Black pearl brought the Conquistador, Hernando Cortes. The best specimens went to the Royal families: in the sixteenth century those were considered the pearls of the dowry of Catherine de ‘ Medici, from which they passed to Mary Stuart and Elizabeth I.
There are gems with their own history, and especially distinguished pearls get their. In 1579, with one of the Pearl Islands were brought amazing beauty “Peregrina”. Weight more than 10 grams, which is close to the ideal white glitter (the glitter is one of the factors on which the assessment of the pearls). This instance is pushed with any more or less inclined surface, and earned the name “peregrine” means “traveler”. She went to Mary Tudor, and from there went to Spain, then to Holland and eventually went to Elizabeth Taylor.
Among the other treasures of the world are the Treasury of the pearls with the names of “Regent” (the size of a pigeon egg), Large pink pearl (94 grams, listed in the Guinness Book of records, the cost — $ 4.7 million), the Pearl of hope (90 grams, diameter 114 mm, length 51 mm). But there is one pearl that stands out even against the background of their magnificent counterparts, for example, “Head of Allah”, or the Pearl of Lao Tzu. The pearl is so called for its unusual shape, resembling a head in a turban. The treasure was discovered in the Philippines, and weighed over 6 kg. of Course, such a value could not grow into legends.It is believed that 2500 years ago, the founder of Taoism invested the amulet with a picture of himself, Confucius and Buddha in the sink-pearl. In fact the philosopher discovered a method of artificial cultivation of pearls, but in fact it resorted only in the early XX century. The disciples of Lao-Tzu passed each other the sink by inheritance, some clever way to put the pearl in a more spacious abode, and at one point they needed to carry value by sea. Of course, the ship was wrecked, and sink to the treasure fell into the sea.To grow it have not stopped, and therefore, when a Filipino pearl diver caught this sea monster, the size of the new record-holders was 67 cm in length and 30 cm in width.
Today it is the biggest pearl in the world, and its cost reaches $ 40 million However, according to Japanese experts, if you don’t provide pearls proper care, it will quickly “die” so often in the Windows of Japanese jewelry stores you can see a few glasses of water. If you notice such — it means the owner cares about the safety of their product.
Mining in Russia
Saltwater pearls are harvested off the coast of Japan and Sri Lanka and in the Persian Gulf and on the bottom of the red sea. River, freshwater — in Germany, China, Russia and some countries of North America.
Hard to believe, but just a few centuries ago, Russia was one of the world leaders in the production of pearls. They are inlaid crown and Church salaries, Bridal jewelry, clothes and hats.
About the manufacturer of jewelry will not: easy to guess that mother of pearl raw material for them was enough, than the people and used. And in the truest sense, especially where the fishery was conducted: he was not controlled, and therefore women of almost any income adorned the neck beads made from local pearls. In 1843, a German researcher noted that even the poor fisherwoman wore several pearl thread, what can we say about the more affluent women. Permanent mining was conducted on 77 Russian rivers and all reservoirs of pearl-oysters there were more than 150;and a third of the total extracted material gave the Northern province.
Tiaras “Russian beauty” made by order of Emperor Nicholas I to his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna in 1841
As was typical in any important matter, before the beginning of production ought not only to receive blessing, but to repent of their sins, and take communion, because to proceed to the pearl fishing should only in a good mood and with a pure heart. Not allowed no fights and quarrels: it was thought that it can spoil, ruining the pearls. Carefully washed in the bath, dressed in clean shirt, the fishers went to fish. It becomes clear how “grow legs” in Russian beliefs with regards to pearls: how could he not bring good luck to the owner if get it was in a good mood?
In the rivers of Karelia it was mined in the last months of summer, when the water level fell to a minimum, and it is thoroughly warmed. On a specially constructed for this purpose raft in the center of which there was a small hole, the fishers moved away from the shore. Through the hole trying to see the bottom.